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Cladding for Tall Structures

The concept of high-rise buildings was introduced in the United States in the 1880s due to the increased land prices and density of population. The term originally applied to high-rise buildings with about 10-20 stories. By the 20th century, the term was used for high-rise buildings of unusual height, with more than 40 or 50 stories. High-rise buildings were built with steelstructural frames and glass exterior sheathing and by the mid-20th century, it became a typical feature of the architectural landscape in most countries.

In the late 20th and 21st centuries, the focus shifted to energy conservation. Sealed windows that would earlier facilitate forced air-circulation, for instance, in mid-rise buildings were replaced with operable windows and glass walls that were tinted to reflect the suns rays. Although originally designed for commercial purposes, many high-rises are now designed for offices, residential, retail, andhotelspaces.

In India, any structure that is above 15 meters in height qualifies as a tall building. However, many experts define ahigh-risebuildingas one that is at least 75 feet (23 m)tall or has about 7 stories.

Things to consider while designing and constructing tall structures in the current times
Materials and faade systems to maximize the efficiency

The design and decoration of high-rise buildings have evolved over time. Exterior cladding plays a key role in maintaining structural stability. Innovation is another aspect that drives the current cladding market. Emphasis is now on the aspect of sustainable cladding systems and how they can support green buildings.